carapace

carapace is a command-line completion generator for spf13/cobra with support for:

Gen

Calling Gen on the root command is sufficient to enable completion script generation using the Hidden Subcommand.

import (
    "github.com/carapace-sh/carapace"
)

carapace.Gen(rootCmd)

Additionally invoke carapace.Test in a test to verify configuration during build time.

func TestCarapace(t *testing.T) {
    carapace.Test(t)
}

Hidden Subcommand

When Gen is invoked a hidden subcommand (_carapace) is added. This handles completion script generation and callbacks.

Completion

SHELL is optional and will be detected by parent process name.

command _carapace [SHELL]
# bash
source <(command _carapace)

# elvish
eval (command _carapace | slurp)

# fish
command _carapace | source

# nushell (update config.nu according to output)
command _carapace nushell

# oil
source <(command _carapace)

# powershell
Set-PSReadLineOption -Colors @{ "Selection" = "`e[7m" }
Set-PSReadlineKeyHandler -Key Tab -Function MenuComplete
command _carapace | Out-String | Invoke-Expression

# tcsh
set autolist
eval `command _carapace tcsh`

# xonsh
COMPLETIONS_CONFIRM=True
exec($(command _carapace))

# zsh
source <(command _carapace)

Directly sourcing multiple completions in your shell init script increases startup time considerably. See lazycomplete for a solution to this problem.

DashAnyCompletion

DashAnyCompletion defines completion for any positional arguments after -- (dash) not already defined.

carapace.Gen(rootCmd).DashAnyCompletion(
    carapace.ActionValues("dAny", "dashAny"),
)

DashCompletion

DashCompletion defines completion for positional arguments after -- (dash).

carapace.Gen(rootCmd).DashCompletion(
    carapace.ActionValues("d1", "dash1"),
    carapace.ActionValues("d2", "dash2"),
)

FlagCompletion

FlagCompletion defines completion for flags.

carapace.Gen(myCmd).FlagCompletion(carapace.ActionMap{
    "flagName": carapace.ActionValues("a", "b", "c"),
})

Optional argument

To mark a flag argument as optional (--name=value) the NoOptDefVal needs to be set to anything other than empty string.

rootCmd.Flag("optarg").NoOptDefVal = " "

PositionalAnyCompletion

PositionalAnyCompletion defines completion for any positional argument not already defined.

carapace.Gen(rootCmd).PositionalAnyCompletion(
    carapace.ActionValues("posAny", "positionalAny"),
)

PositionalCompletion

PositionalCompletion defines completion for positional arguments.

carapace.Gen(rootCmd).PositionalCompletion(
    carapace.ActionValues("pos1", "positional1"),
    carapace.ActionValues("pos2", "positional2"),
)

PreInvoke

PreInvoke is called after arguments are parsed and allows generic modification of an Action before it is invoked.

carapace.Gen(rootCmd).PreInvoke(func(cmd *cobra.Command, flag *pflag.Flag, action carapace.Action) carapace.Action {
	return action.Chdir(rootCmd.Flag("chdir").Value.String())
})

PreRun

PreRun is called before arguments are parsed for the current command and allows modification of its structure.

carapace.Gen(rootCmd).PreRun(func(cmd *cobra.Command, args []string) {
	pluginCmd := &cobra.Command{
		Use:     "plugin",
		Short:   "dynamic plugin command",
		GroupID: "plugin",
		Run:     func(cmd *cobra.Command, args []string) {},
	}

	carapace.Gen(pluginCmd).PositionalCompletion(
		carapace.ActionValues("pl1", "pluginArg1"),
	)

	cmd.AddCommand(pluginCmd)
})

Snippet

Standalone

Action

An Action indicates how to complete a flag or a positional argument.

Cache

Cache caches an Action for a given duration.

carapace.ActionCallback(func(c carapace.Context) carapace.Action {
	return carapace.ActionValues(
		time.Now().Format("15:04:05"),
	)
}).Cache(5 * time.Second)

Caches are implicitly assigned a unique key using runtime.Caller which can change between releases.

Key

Additional keys like key.String can be passed as well.

carapace.ActionMultiParts("/", func(c carapace.Context) carapace.Action {
	switch len(c.Parts) {
	case 0:
		return carapace.ActionValues("one", "two").Suffix("/")
	case 1:
		return carapace.ActionCallback(func(c carapace.Context) carapace.Action {
			return carapace.ActionValues(
				time.Now().Format("15:04:05"),
			)
		}).Cache(10*time.Second, key.String(c.Parts[0]))
	default:
		return carapace.ActionValues()
	}
})

Location

Cache is written as json to os.UserCacheDir using the Export format.

{{cacheDir}}/carapace/{{binary}}/{{callerChecksum}}/{{cacheChecksum}}
IDxexample
cacheDiros.UserCacheDir~/.cache/
binarybinary namecarapace
callerChecksumsha1sum using runtime.Caller89be88b670885d3d7855c7169ad7cfd2816a6c37
cacheChecksumsh1sum of given CacheKeys041858daaaa8b084122d4604a3223315c39edc3e

Chdir

Chdir changes the working directory.

carapace.ActionFiles().Chdir("/tmp")

ChdirF

ChdirF is like ChDir but uses a function.

carapace.ActionFiles().ChdirF(traverse.GitWorkTree)

Filter

Filter filters given values.

carapace.ActionValuesDescribed(
	"1", "one",
	"2", "two",
	"3", "three",
	"4", "four",
).Filter("2", "4")

FilterArgs

FilterArgs filters Context.Args.

carapace.ActionValues(
	"one",
	"two",
	"three",
).FilterArgs()

FilterParts

FilterParts filters Context.Parts.

carapace.ActionMultiParts(",", func(c carapace.Context) carapace.Action {
	return carapace.ActionValues(
		"one",
		"two",
		"three",
	).FilterParts()
})

Invoke

Invoke explicitly executes the callback of an Action.

carapace.ActionCallback(func(c carapace.Context) carapace.Action {
	switch {
	case strings.HasPrefix(c.Value, "file://"):
		c.Value = strings.TrimPrefix(c.Value, "file://")
	case strings.HasPrefix("file://", c.Value):
		c.Value = ""
	default:
		return carapace.ActionValues()
	}
	return carapace.ActionFiles().Invoke(c).Prefix("file://").ToA()
})

List

List creates a list with given divider.

carapace.ActionValues(
    "one",
    "two", 
    "three"
).List(",")

MultiParts

MultiParts completes values splitted by given delimiter(s) separately.

carapace.ActionValues(
	"dir/subdir1/fileA.txt",
	"dir/subdir1/fileB.txt",
	"dir/subdir2/fileC.txt",
).MultiParts("/")

MultiPartsP

MultiPartsP is like MultiParts but with placeholders.

carapace.ActionStyledValuesDescribed(
	"keys/<key>", "key example", style.Default,
	"keys/<key>/<value>", "key/value example", style.Default,
	"styles/custom", "custom style", style.Of(style.Blue, style.Blink),
	"styles", "list", style.Yellow,
	"styles/<style>", "details", style.Default,
).MultiPartsP("/", "<.*>", func(placeholder string, matches map[string]string) carapace.Action {
	switch placeholder {
	case "<key>":
		return carapace.ActionValues("key1", "key2")
	case "<style>":
		return carapace.ActionStyles()
	case "<value>":
		switch matches["<key>"] {
		case "key1":
			return carapace.ActionValues("val1", "val2")
		case "key2":
			return carapace.ActionValues("val3", "val4")
		default:
			return carapace.ActionValues()
		}
	default:
		return carapace.ActionValues()
	}
})

NoSpace

NoSpace disables space suffix for given character(s).

carapace.ActionValues(
	"one,",
	"two/",
	"three",
).NoSpace(',', '/')

Prefix

Prefix adds a prefix to the inserted values.

carapace.ActionFiles().Prefix("file://")

Retain

Retain retains given values.

carapace.ActionValuesDescribed(
	"1", "one",
	"2", "two",
	"3", "three",
	"4", "four",
).Retain("2", "4")

Shift

Shift shifts positional arguments left n times.

carapace.ActionCallback(func(c carapace.Context) carapace.Action {
	return carapace.ActionMessage("%#v", c.Args)
}).Shift(1)

Split

Split splits Context.Value lexicographically and replaces Context.Args with the tokens.

carapace.ActionCallback(func(c carapace.Context) carapace.Action {
	cmd := &cobra.Command{}
	carapace.Gen(cmd).Standalone()
	cmd.Flags().BoolP("bool", "b", false, "bool flag")
	cmd.Flags().StringP("string", "s", "", "string flag")

	carapace.Gen(cmd).FlagCompletion(carapace.ActionMap{
		"string": carapace.ActionValues("one", "two", "three"),
	})

	carapace.Gen(cmd).PositionalCompletion(
		carapace.ActionValues("pos1", "positional1"),
		carapace.ActionFiles(),
	)

	return carapace.ActionExecute(cmd)
}).Split()

SplitP

SplitP is like Split but supports pipelines.

carapace.ActionCallback(func(c carapace.Context) carapace.Action {
	cmd := &cobra.Command{}
	carapace.Gen(cmd).Standalone()
	cmd.Flags().BoolP("bool", "b", false, "bool flag")
	cmd.Flags().StringP("string", "s", "", "string flag")

	carapace.Gen(cmd).FlagCompletion(carapace.ActionMap{
		"string": carapace.ActionValues("one", "two", "three"),
	})

	carapace.Gen(cmd).PositionalCompletion(
		carapace.ActionValues("pos1", "positional1"),
		carapace.ActionFiles(),
	)

	return carapace.ActionExecute(cmd)
}).SplitP()

Style

Style sets the style for all values.

carapace.ActionValues(
    "one",
    "two",
).Style(style.Green)

StyleF

StyleF sets the style for all values using a function.

carapace.ActionValues(
	"one",
	"two",
	"three",
).StyleF(func(s string, sc style.Context) string {
	switch s {
	case "one":
		return style.Green
	case "two":
		return style.Red
	default:
		return style.Default
	}
})

StyleR

StyleR sets the style for all values using a reference.

carapace.ActionValues(
	"one",
	"two",
).StyleR(&style.Carapace.KeywordAmbiguous)

Using a reference avoids having to wrap the Action in an ActionCallback as style configurations are not yet loaded when registering the completion.

Suffix

Suffix adds a suffix to the inserted values.

carapace.ActionValues(
	"apple",
	"melon",
	"orange",
).Suffix("juice")

Suppress

Suppress suppresses specific error messages using regular expressions.

carapace.Batch(
	carapace.ActionMessage("unexpected error"),
	carapace.ActionMessage("ignored error"),
).ToA().Suppress("ignored")

Tag

Tag sets the tag for all values.

carapace.ActionValues(
    "192.168.1.1",
    "127.0.0.1",
).Tag("interfaces")

TagF

TagF sets the tag using a function.

carapace.ActionValues(
	"one.png",
	"two.gif",
	"three.txt",
	"four.md",
).StyleF(style.ForPathExt).TagF(func(s string) string {
	switch filepath.Ext(s) {
	case ".png", ".gif":
		return "images"
	case ".txt", ".md":
		return "documents"
	default:
		return ""
	}
})

Timeout

Timeout sets the maximum duration an Action may take to invoke.

carapace.ActionCallback(func(c carapace.Context) carapace.Action {
	time.Sleep(3*time.Second)
	return carapace.ActionValues("within timeout")
}).Timeout(2*time.Second, carapace.ActionMessage("timeout exceeded"))

UniqueList

UniqueList creates a unique list with given divider.

carapace.ActionValues(
    "one",
    "two",
    "three"
).UniqueList(",")

UniqueListF

UniqueListF is like UniqueList but uses a function to transform values before filtering.

carapace.ActionMultiPartsN(":", 2, func(c carapace.Context) carapace.Action {
	switch len(c.Parts) {
	case 0:
		return carapace.ActionValues("one", "two", "three")
	default:
		return carapace.ActionValues("1", "2", "3")
	}
}).UniqueListF(",", func(s string) string {
	return strings.SplitN(s, ":", 2)[0]
})

Unless

Unless skips invokation if given condition succeeds.

carapace.ActionValues(
	"./local",
	"~/home",
	"/abs",
	"one",
	"two",
	"three",
).Unless(condition.CompletingPath)

Usage

Usage sets the usage message.

carapace.ActionValues().Usage("explicit usage")

It is implicitly set by default to Flag.Usage for flag and Command.Use for positional arguments.

UsageF

InvokedAction

InvokedAction is a logical alias for an Action whose (nested) callback was invoked and thus contains static values (essentially this is now an ActionValuesDescribed).

Filter

Filter filters values within an InvokedAction. E.g. completing a unique list of values in an ActionMultiParts:

carapace.ActionMultiParts(",", func(c carapace.Context) carapace.Action {
 	return carapace.ActionValues("one", "two", "three").Invoke(c).Filter(c.Parts...).ToA()
}

Merge

Merge combines values of multiple InvokedActions.

carapace.ActionValues("one", "two").Invoke(c).Merge(carapace.ActionValues("three", "four").Invoke(c)).ToA()

Prefix

Prefix adds a prefix to all values within an InvokedAction.

carapace.ActionValues("melon", "drop", "fall").Invoke(c).Prefix("water").ToA()

Retain

Suffix

Suffix adds a suffix to all values within an InvokedAction.

ActionUsers().Invoke(c).Suffix(":").ToA()

ToA

ToA casts an InvokedAction back to Action.

ActionValues().Invoke(c).ToA()

ToMultiPartsA

ToMultiPartsA creates an ActionMultiParts from values containing a specific separator. E.g. completing the contents of a zip file (dir/subdir/file) by each path segment separately like ActionFiles:

func ActionZipFileContents(file string) carapace.Action {
	return carapace.ActionCallback(func(c carapace.Context) carapace.Action {
		if reader, err := zip.OpenReader(file); err != nil {
			return carapace.ActionMessage(err.Error())
		} else {
			defer reader.Close()
			vals := make([]string, len(reader.File))
			for index, f := range reader.File {
				vals[index] = f.Name
			}
			return carapace.ActionValues(vals...).Invoke(c).ToMultiPartsA("/")
		}
	})
}

DefaultActions

ActionCallback

ActionCallback completes values with given function. It is invoked after the arguments are parsed which enables contextual completion.

All DefaultActions are implicitly wrapped in an ActionCallback for performance.

carapace.ActionCallback(func(c carapace.Context) carapace.Action {
	if flag := actionCmd.Flag("values"); flag.Changed {
		return carapace.ActionMessage("values flag is set to: '%v'", flag.Value.String())
	}
	return carapace.ActionMessage("values flag is not set")
})
  • c.Value provides access to the current (partial) value of the flag or positional argument being completed
  • return ActionValues without arguments to silently skip completion
  • return ActionMessage to provide an error message (e.g. failure during invocation of an external command)
  • c.Args provides access to the positional arguments of the current subcommand (excluding the one currently being completed)

ActionCobra

ActionCobra bridges given cobra completion function.

carapace.ActionCobra(func(cmd *cobra.Command, args []string, toComplete string) ([]string, cobra.ShellCompDirective) {
	return []string{"one", "two"}, cobra.ShellCompDirectiveNoSpace
})

ActionCommands

ActionCommands completes (sub)commands of given command.

Context.Args is used to traverse the command tree further down. Use Shift to avoid this.

carapace.Gen(helpCmd).PositionalAnyCompletion(
	carapace.ActionCommands(rootCmd),
)

ActionDirectories

ActionDirectories completes directories.

carapace.ActionDirectories()

ActionExecCommand

ActionExecCommand executes an external command.

carapace.ActionExecCommand("git", "remote")(func(output []byte) carapace.Action {
	lines := strings.Split(string(output), "\n")
	return carapace.ActionValues(lines[:len(lines)-1]...)
})

ActionExecCommandE

ActionExecCommandE is like ActionExecCommand but with custom error handling.

carapace.ActionExecCommandE("false")(func(output []byte, err error) carapace.Action {
	if err != nil {
		if exitErr, ok := err.(*exec.ExitError); ok {
			return carapace.ActionMessage("failed with %v", exitErr.ExitCode())
		}
		return carapace.ActionMessage(err.Error())
	}
	return carapace.ActionValues()
})

ActionExecutables

ActionExecutables completes PATH executables.

carapace.ActionExecutables()

ActionExecute

ActionExecute executes completion on an internal Command.

Cobra commands can only be executed once so be sure each invocation uses a new instance.

carapace.ActionCallback(func(c carapace.Context) carapace.Action {
	cmd := &cobra.Command{
		Use: "embedded",
		CompletionOptions: cobra.CompletionOptions{
			DisableDefaultCmd: true,
		},
		Run: func(cmd *cobra.Command, args []string) {},
	}

	cmd.Flags().Bool("embedded-flag", false, "embedded flag")

	carapace.Gen(cmd).PositionalCompletion(
		carapace.ActionValues("embeddedPositional1", "embeddedP1"),
		carapace.ActionValues("embeddedPositional2", "embeddedP2"),
	)

	return carapace.ActionExecute(cmd)
})

ActionFiles

ActionFiles completes files with optional suffix filtering.

carapace.ActionFiles(".md", "go.mod", "go.sum"),

ActionImport

ActionImport parses the json generated by Export and imports it as Action.

carapace.ActionImport([]byte(`
{
  "version": "unknown",
  "messages": [],
  "nospace": "",
  "usage": "",
  "values": [
    {
      "value": "first",
      "display": "first"
    },
    {
      "value": "second",
      "display": "second"
    },
    {
      "value": "third",
      "display": "third"
    }
  ]
}
`))

ActionMessage

ActionMessage shows an error message.

carapace.ActionMessage("example message")

In shells other than Elvish and Zsh the message is integrated in the values as ERR{n}.

ActionMultiParts

ActionMultiParts completes parts of an argument separately (e.g. user:group from chown). For this the Context.Value is split with given divider and then updated to only contain the currently completed part. Context.Parts contains the preceding parts and can be used in a switch statement to return the corresponding Action.

An empty divider splits per character, but be aware that fish will add space suffix for anything other than /=@:.,.

carapace.ActionMultiParts(":", func(c carapace.Context) carapace.Action {
	switch len(c.Parts) {
	case 0:
		return carapace.ActionValues("userA", "UserB").Invoke(c).Suffix(":").ToA()
	case 1:
		return carapace.ActionValues("groupA", "groupB")
	default:
		return carapace.ActionValues()
	}
})
  • Values must not contain the separator as a simple strings.Split() is used to separate the parts.
  • It is however allowed as suffix to enable fluent tab completion (like / for a directory).
  • The divider is implicitly added to NoSpace
  • If no suffix is added NoSpace can be used in the preceding parts to prevent a space suffix.

Nesting

ActionMultiParts can be nested as well, e.g. completing multiple KEY=VALUE pairs separated by ,.

carapace.ActionMultiParts(",", func(cEntries carapace.Context) carapace.Action {
	return carapace.ActionMultiParts("=", func(c carapace.Context) carapace.Action {
		switch len(c.Parts) {
		case 0:
			keys := make([]string, len(cEntries.Parts))
			for index, entry := range cEntries.Parts {
				keys[index] = strings.Split(entry, "=")[0]
			}
			return carapace.ActionValues("FILE", "DIRECTORY", "VALUE").Filter(keys...).Suffix("=")
		case 1:
			switch c.Parts[0] {
			case "FILE":
				return carapace.ActionFiles("").NoSpace()
			case "DIRECTORY":
				return carapace.ActionDirectories().NoSpace()
			case "VALUE":
				return carapace.ActionValues("one", "two", "three").NoSpace()
			default:
				return carapace.ActionValues()

			}
		default:
			return carapace.ActionValues()
		}
	})
})

ActionMultiPartsN

ActionMultiPartsN is like ActionMultiParts but limits the number of parts to n.

carapace.ActionMultiPartsN("=", 2, func(c carapace.Context) carapace.Action {
	switch len(c.Parts) {
	case 0:
		return carapace.ActionValues("one", "two").Suffix("=")
	case 1:
		return carapace.ActionMultiParts("=", func(c carapace.Context) carapace.Action {
			switch len(c.Parts) {
			case 0:
				return carapace.ActionValues("three", "four").Suffix("=")
			case 1:
				return carapace.ActionValues("five", "six")
			default:
				return carapace.ActionValues()
			}
		})
	default:
		return carapace.ActionMessage("should never happen")
	}
})

ActionPositional

ActionPositional completes positional arguments for given command ignoring -- (dash).

carapace.Gen(cmd).DashAnyCompletion(
	carapace.ActionPositional(cmd),
)

It resets Context.Args to contain the full arguments and is meant as a means to continue positional completion on dash positions.

ActionStyleConfig

ActionStyledValues

ActionStyledValues is like ActionValues but accepts an additional style.

carapace.ActionStyledValues(
	"first", style.Default,
	"second", style.Blue,
	"third", style.Of(style.BgBrightBlack, style.Magenta, style.Bold),
)

ActionStyledValuesDescribed

ActionStyledValuesDescribed is like ActionValuesDescribed but accepts an additional style.

carapace.ActionStyledValuesDescribed(
	"first", "description of first", style.Blink,
	"second", "description of second", style.Of("color210", style.Underlined),
	"third", "description of third", style.Of("#112233", style.Italic),
)

ActionStyles

ActionStyles completes styles.

ActionValues

ActionValues completes values.

carapace.ActionValues(
	"first",
	"second",
	"third"
)

ActionValuesDescribed

ActionValuesDescribed completes values with a description.

carapace.ActionValuesDescribed(
	"first", "description of first",
	"second", "description of second",
	"third", "description of third",
)

CustomActions

Custom Actions can be created by using a function that returns carapace.Action. A range of these can be found at carapace-bin.

type ExampleOpts struct {
	Static bool
}

//  ActionExample(ExampleOpts{Static: true})
func ActionExample(opts ExampleOpts) carapace.Action {
	return carapace.ActionCallback(func(c carapace.Context) carapace.Action {
		if opts.Static {
			return carapace.ActionValues("a", "b")
		}
		if strings.HasPrefix(c.Value, "file://") {
			return carapace.ActionFiles().Invoke(c).Prefix("file://").ToA()
		}
		return carapace.ActionValues()
	})
}

Unless static values are returned the code should be wrapped in a callback or the code would be executed at program start (and slow it down considerably). It is also mandatory when accessing the commands flag values as the callback function is invoked after these are parsed.

Context

Context provides information during completion.

type Context struct {
	Value string
	Args []string
	Parts []string
	Env []string
	Dir string
}
KeyDescription
Valuecurrent value being completed
Argspositional arguments of current (sub)command
Partssplitted Value during an ActionMultiParts
Dirworking directory

Examples

Default with flag parsing enabled.

command pos1 --flag1 pos2 --f<TAB>
# Value: --f
# Args: [pos1, pos2]

After encountering -- (dash) further flag parsing is disabled and Context.Args is reset to only contain dash arguments.

command pos1 --flag1 pos2 -- dash1 <TAB>
# Value:
# Args: [dash1]

With Command.DisableFlagParsing to true all arguments are handled as positional.

command pos1 --flag1 pos2 -- dash1 d<TAB>
# Value: d
# Args: [pos1, --flag1, pos2, --, dash1]

With SetInterspersed to false flag parsing is disabled after encountering the first positional argument.

command --flag1 flagArg1 pos1 -- dash1 --flag2 d<TAB>
# Value: d
# Args: [pos1, --, dash1, --flag2]

ActionMultiParts is a special case where Context.Parts is filled with the splitted Context.Value.

ActionValues("part1", "part2", "part3").UniqueList(",")
command pos1 part1,part2,p<TAB>
# Value: p
# Args: [pos1]
# Parts: [part1, part2]

Abs

Command

Envsubst

GetEnv

LookupEnv

SetEnv

Batch

Batch bundles callback actions so they can be invoked concurrently using goroutines.

carapace.ActionCallback(func(c carapace.Context) carapace.Action {
	return carapace.Batch(
		carapace.ActionValues("A", "B"),
		carapace.ActionValues("C", "D"),
		carapace.ActionValues("E", "F"),
	).Invoke(c).Merge().ToA()
})

Invoke

ToA

InvokedBatch

Merge

Export

Export provides a json representation of an InvokedAction. It is used to exchange completions between commands with ActionImport as well as for Cache.

type Export struct {
	version  string   `json:"version"`
	messages []string `json:"messages"`
	nospace  string   `json:"nospace"`
	usage    string   `json:"usage"`
	values   []struct {
		value       string `json:"value"`
		display     string `json:"display"`
		description string `json:"description,omitempty"`
		style       string `json:"style,omitempty"`
		tag         string `json:"tag,omitempty"`
	} `json:"values"`
}
KeyDescription
versionversion of carapace being used
messageslist of error messages
nospacecharacter suffixes that prevent space suffix (* matches all)
usageusage message
valueslist of completion values
-
valuevalue to insert
displayvalue to display during completion
descriptiondescription of the value
stylestyle of the value
tagtag of the value

Example

example _carapace export example m<TAB>
{
  "version": "unknown",
  "messages": [],
  "nospace": "",
  "usage": "",
  "values": [
    {
      "value": "modifier",
      "display": "modifier",
      "description": "modifier example",
      "style": "yellow",
      "tag": "modifier commands"
    },
    {
      "value": "multiparts",
      "display": "multiparts",
      "description": "multiparts example",
      "tag": "other commands"
    }
  ]
}

Command

Group

Command Groups are implicitly used as tag for commands.

groupCmd.AddGroup(
	&cobra.Group{ID: "main", Title: "Main Commands"},
	&cobra.Group{ID: "setup", Title: "Setup Commands"},
)

run := func(cmd *cobra.Command, args []string) {}
groupCmd.AddCommand(
	&cobra.Command{Use: "sub1", GroupID: "main", Run: run},
	&cobra.Command{Use: "sub2", GroupID: "main", Run: run},
	&cobra.Command{Use: "sub3", GroupID: "setup", Run: run},
	&cobra.Command{Use: "sub4", GroupID: "setup", Run: run},
	&cobra.Command{Use: "sub5", Run: run},
)

Standalone

carapace-parse

carapace-parse is a helper tool that uses regex to parse gnu help pages. Due to strong inconsistencies between these the results may differ but generally give a good head start.

docker node update --help | carapace-parse -n update -p node -s "Update a node"

pflag

Sandbox

ClearCache

Env

Files

Env

NewContext

Reply

With

Run

Expect

ExpectNot

Output

development

WIP

Additional Information

Additional information can be found at:

Shells

Bash

strings''\''' "\""
escape characer\
output capture$() `` <()
line continuation\
brace expansion{}
redirection< >

Elvish

strings'''' "\""
escape characernone
output capture()
line continuation^
brace expansion{}
redirection< >

Fish

strings'' ""
escape characer\
output capture()
line continuation\
brace expansion{}
redirection< >

Ion

Nushell

Oil

Powershell

Tcsh

Xonsh

Zsh

Testing

Since callbacks are simply invocations of the program they can be tested directly.

example _carapace bash example condition --required ''
valid
invalid

example _carapace elvish example condition --required ''
[{"Value":"valid","Display":"valid"},{"Value":"invalid","Display":"invalid"}]

example _carapace fish example condition --required ''
valid
invalid

example _carapace powershell example condition --required ''
[{"CompletionText":"valid","ListItemText":"valid","ToolTip":" "},{"CompletionText":"invalid","ListItemText":"invalid","ToolTip":" "}]

example _carapace xonsh example condition --required ''
[{"Value":"valid","Display":"valid","Description":""},{"Value":"invalid","Display":"invalid","Description":""}]

example _carapace zsh example condition --required ''
valid   valid
invalid invalid

Asciinema

Asciicasts are recorded within a resized tmux window for consistency.

tmux
tmux resize-window -x 108 -y 24

They can be embedded using the image syntax.

![](./recording.cast)